Following a collaborative effort between Government, NGOs, and the Lionfish Taskforce, a Control Plan for the invasive lionfish has been completed, Minister of Health and Environment Trevor Moniz told the House of Assembly on Friday [May 16],
Minister Moniz said,”Lionfish pose a significant threat to Bermuda’s reef fish stocks, and ultimately the reef ecosystem, as they feed heavily on local fish and invertebrates and have no natural predators here. Their presence also presents a risk to public health due to the painful stings that they can inflict.
“Lionfish were first reported in Bermuda in 1999. As their numbers grew and information was obtained regarding the threat that they posed, efforts were made to hunt and kill them. However, unlike other areas in the western Atlantic and Caribbean which are also being impacted by the lionfish invasion, relatively few lionfish were found in Bermuda’s shallow inshore waters.
“It was not until commercial lobster fishermen started catching lionfish more frequently in their offshore traps in the late 2000s and Triangle Diving personnel began seeing numbers of them on deep dives that we realised that they were increasing here primarily in depths greater than 150 feet.”
The Minister’s full statement follows below:
Mr. Speaker, I rise today to inform this Honourable House that a Control Plan for the invasive lionfish has been completed. The Plan was developed in a collaborative effort between Government, NGOs, and concerned citizens through a group known as the Lionfish Taskforce.
Mr. Speaker, as Members may be aware, lionfish pose a significant threat to Bermuda’s reef fish stocks, and ultimately the reef ecosystem, as they feed heavily on local fish and invertebrates and have no natural predators here. Their presence also presents a risk to public health due to the painful stings that they can inflict.
Lionfish were first reported in Bermuda in 1999. As their numbers grew and information was obtained regarding the threat that they posed, efforts were made to hunt and kill them. However, unlike other areas in the western Atlantic and Caribbean which are also being impacted by the lionfish invasion, relatively few lionfish were found in Bermuda’s shallow inshore waters.
It was not until commercial lobster fishermen started catching lionfish more frequently in their offshore traps in the late 2000s and Triangle Diving personnel began seeing numbers of them on deep dives that we realised that they were increasing here primarily in depths greater than 150 feet.
Mr. Speaker, we also realised that we knew very little about how large the population was, and how they were impacting local fish populations, and that this was important information to obtain in order to develop effective control strategies. This, combined with the realisation that no one organisation had the resources to handle this problem by itself became the impetus for collaboration.
In October 2012, the Ocean Support Foundation, in partnership with the Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo [BAMZ], organised and hosted a workshop designed to help Bermuda start to create a plan to gather the necessary information and develop control strategies for this invasive pest. Dr. James Morris of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA] and Mr. Lad Akins of the Reef Environmental Education Foundation [REEF], two of the top authorities on the lionfish invasion in the western Atlantic, facilitated the workshop.
The Lionfish Taskforce was established during this workshop with a mandate from workshop participants to oversee the creation of this Plan.
A number of individuals from various organisations contributed to the resulting Control Plan, namely:
- Ms. Kaitlin Baird, Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences [BIOS]
- Ms. Leah Cunningham, Ocean Support Foundation [OSF]
- Mr. Corey Eddy, OSF
- Mr. Chris Flook, Director of Bermuda Blue Halo
- Dr. Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley, BIOS
- Mr. Gil Nolan, Bermuda Zoological Society [BZS]
- Mr. Tim Noyes, BIOS
- Dr. Joanna Pitt, Department of Environmental Protection
- Mr. Gordon Shaw, Bermuda Lionfish Culler
- Dr. Robbie Smith, BAMZ/Department of Conservation Services
- Dr. Tammy Trott, Department of Environmental Protection
- Mr. Weldon Wade, Bermuda Ocean Explorers
- Dr. Ian Walker, BAMZ/Department of Conservation Services
Mr. Jim Gleason, former TaskForce Chair and OSF Executive Director, and Ms. Helen Gullick, OSF Board member and Vice President of Contract Wordings at Ironshore Insurance Ltd., edited the Plan.
Mr. Speaker, the challenges of managing the lionfish invasion are complex. Lionfish are the first marine invasive reef fish to plague the western Atlantic region, so there are no previous experiences on which to draw. That is why this Lionfish Control Plan is so important. It provides a guide and cohesive long-term plan on how to tackle this problem based on experiences had so far in Bermuda and in the region.
Mr. Speaker, the Plan focuses on five priorities:
- Education, outreach and training
- Research and assessment
- Detection and removal
- Monitoring and data gathering
- Data management
Although the Plan has just been completed this year, Taskforce partners have been far from idle during its development. In early 2013, the Taskforce initiated the submission of a Darwin Plus: Overseas Territories Environment and Climate Fund Project application to fund some of the main research components that had been identified early.
A grant of just under £170,000 was subsequently awarded jointly to the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, the Ocean Support Foundation, the Bermuda Government Department of Environmental Protection, and the Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo in April 2013.
Mr. Speaker, with this funding, research activities were able to commence, and these include lionfish and prey fish surveys, age and reproduction studies, and a feeding ecology study. A lionfish trapping experiment was also initiated. Other Control Plan initiatives that were implemented during the last year include:
- The addition of over 300 individuals to the lionfish culling permit programme, which allows a person to use a three-prong spear to capture lionfish on scuba or snorkel anywhere around the island
- The launch of a lionfish sighting and capture reporting programme, which includes online reporting, drop off sites for lionfish and an online database
- Several education and outreach activities such as the BUEI lionfish exhibit, the BAMZ lionfish tank exhibit, a lionfish documentary and the Groundswell Lionfish Tournament
Mr. Speaker, the Control Plan is a working document and will evolve over time as new information is discovered. The Plan represents the first stage of the overall control strategy and will provide a reference for anyone who is actively engaged in learning about lionfish and developing local control tactics.
In closing, Mr. Speaker, on behalf of the Ministry of Health and Environment, I would like to thank all those who had a hand in preparing this Lionfish Control Plan. We would especially like to thank Mr. Jim Gleason for all the work that he did as Taskforce Chair to pull the Plan together and we would also like to welcome onboard the new co-chairs, Mr. Kirk Kitson and Mr. Paul Van-Pelt who will help guide the implementation of the Plan.
Upcoming opportunities for public participation in this effort will be advertised as widely as possible, and members of the public can contact the Lionfish Taskforce at firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions or comments.
Thank you Mr. Speaker.
The full Bermuda Lionfish Control Plan can be read below [PDF here]:
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