Economic Substance Bill Tabled In The House

December 8, 2018

Minister of Finance Curtis Dickinson tabled the Economic Substance Bill in the House on Friday, with the Ministry saying the intention is that the legislation — which seeks to “enhance provisions relating to economic substance for registered entities” — will be in force by 31 December 2018.


Last year the Council of the European Union named 17 jurisdictions as “non-cooperative tax jurisdictions”; with American Samoa, Bahrain, Barbados, Grenada, Guam, South Korea, Macau, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Namibia, Palau, Panama, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates included on the original list, with the list changing as nations meet commitments set by the EU.

Bermuda, while not listed as a “non-cooperative jurisdiction,” was placed on a secondary list along with over 60 other nations and territories.

Citing the “existence of tax regimes that facilitate offshore structures which attract profits without real economic activity,” the Council said “the following jurisdictions are committed to addressing the concerns relating to economic substance by 2018: Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey and Vanuatu.”

Ministry Comment

“The Council of the European Union adopted a resolution on a Code of Conduct for business taxation with the objective of curbing harmful tax competition aimed at jurisdictions with low or zero rates of corporate income tax regimes, such as Bermuda, BVI, Cayman and the Crown Dependencies. In response, the Government made a commitment to implement reforms by December 2018,” a Ministry spokesperson explained.

“As such, Bermuda registered entities [local and exempted] that carry out the relevant activity will be required to meet economic substance‎ requirements  as provided in the legislation and related regulations.

In Scope Businesses

“In scope businesses for the purposes of this new regime include Banking, Insurance, Fund Management, Financing, Leasing, Headquarters, Shipping Intellectual Property and Distribution and Services Centres. The economic substance requirements will apply to new companies from 1 January 2019 and existing companies from 1 July 2019.”

Position Supported By BMA, IAC, ABIC & ABIR

“The Government of Bermuda remains fully committed to ensuring that Bermuda will not be on any EU list of non-compliant jurisdictions and our position is supported by the BMA, the IAC, ABIC and ABIR, and all sectors of Bermuda’s international business community,” said Minister Dickinson.

“This legislation is important to Bermuda, our revenue base and our status as a blue-chip jurisdiction. Significant work has been carried out by the Government in consultation with a focused group representing a cross section of in-scope industries to develop the draft legislation.

“Bermuda Government Technical Officers have also been in constant dialogue with the Code of Conduct Group [COCG] to ensure Bermuda’s legislation meets the requirements of the 2.2 scoping paper. We are confident that we will avoid any adverse designation regarding our tax regime and the structures set by the EU will be addressed by this Bill.”

The Ministry added, “For certain regulated industries where the applicable regulatory framework already include having substance requirements in Bermuda, it is expected that compliance with those existing regulatory requirements will be sufficient to evidence compliance by those entities with the new economic substance regime.

“This new legislation will also include detailed provisions related to the monitoring and enforcement of the economic substance requirements. Specific sanctions for non-compliance will be set out, as well as the process for notification of such non-compliance.

“There will also be provisions related to the collection of relevant compliance information, and for the disclosure of such information to relevant authorities. Appropriate guidance will be issued by the Government in relation to the application of this Bill in the near future.”

Meeting Held

Earlier this week the Minister of Finance Curtis Dickinson along with the Junior Finance Minister Wayne Furbert attended a Government briefing on economic substance legislation at the offices of AXA XL, as pictured below.

Finance Minister Meeting Bermuda Dec 2018 (3)

The Executive Director of the Association of Bermuda International Companies [ABIC], Mr. Richard Winchell, invited the Bermuda Government to provide a briefing and approximately 90 invited guests of ABIC were present.

Minister Dickinson said: “It was a pleasure to provide our stakeholders with an update on this important legislation. Economic Substance legislation is necessary to protect Bermuda’s status as an international business centre, and we will continue to lead in complying with global standards.”

Similar Legislation Expected In Other Jurisdictions

“It is expected that similar legislation will be enacted by all the “2.2. Jurisdictions” that have committed to implementing the EU’s standards in relation to economic substance [including Cayman Islands and British Virgin Islands, as well as the Crown Dependencies of Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey]. There is no place to hide as the EU substance requirements apply on a level playing field basis.”

Premier Burt said, “After discussions in Brussels, that a recent announcement by the OECD that its Forum on Harmful Tax Practices will eventually replace the EU’s 2.2 substance regime and, on coming into force, the substance rules will no longer be an EU standard but will be a global standard.

“Our commitment to Bermuda and to the people we represent is to deal effectively with the challenge presented by these changes in global business practice. We will work with local and international partners to not only meet this challenge, but to ensure that the opportunities that will arise from these changes are used to drive economic growth and job creation here in Bermuda.”

The Economic Substance Act 2018 follows below [PDF here]:

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Comments (1)

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  1. Joe Bloggs says:

    “with the objective of curbing harmful tax competition aimed at jurisdictions with low or zero rates of corporate income tax”

    Harmful to countries with massive income tax rates, not harmful to competition or any other base economic indicator